For the view that you said in your blog, “Sustainable movement in urban design aspect may consider the transport system, and most of the effect on our everyday life is the way for commuting”, I`m really in favor of it and want to present some extension. In fact, the development of sustainable movement should be based on the way that environment and economy can afford to meet people’s travel and logistics demand. And should not affect the next generation to enjoy the same or even better quality of transport services. Intikhab and Lu thought sustainable movement infrastructure and travel policies should be adapted to the economic development, environmental responsibility, and social equity. As well as an optimal allocation and utilization which can achieve the purposes of economy, society and environment. And an ability to realize the same goals without compromising the future generations. And then, based on the concept of sustainable movement, three extension concepts have been put forward to public, which were environment oriented transit, ecological transit and environmental sustainable transit respectively.
Here, I will mainly talk about the concept of environmental sustainable transit. The UN Centre for Human Settlements proposed that sustainable movement must be met: a. Ecological sustainability, which means the traffic related pollution levels should be lower than the tolerance range of human safety and the capacity of environmental carrying. b. Economic sustainability, which means it cannot be controlled and maintained at an economic cost that exceeds the user’s ability to pay. c. Social sustainability, which means it can provide the access to basic social, cultural, educational and economic services for every member of society. Therefore, scholars at home and abroad have realized the importance and necessity of realizing the sustainable movement. And in order to coordinate the contradiction between urban traffic and ecological brought by rapid urbanization, a series of theories and methods of urban ecological regulation and control have been put forward in the world. Like, the UK used policy means to adjust and control the emissions problem of urban traffic pollution (Fredrik et al., 2005). What`s more, the scholars of University of Tokyo in Japan have fully considered the humanization of urban ecological space when designing the urban pavement. (Iderlina et al., 2005). In addition, the planning of community transit under the guidance of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is emphasizing the diversification of land utilization and humanized design of internal bus, bicycle and pedestrian route. Which is the most widely used planning in terms of land and transportation integration currently.
Briefly, urban transit is a crucial part of urban social services, as well as an important guarantee for urban life and economic development. Therefore, the sustainable movement of urban transit has great influence on the sustainable development of a city. Therefore, according to the ecological principle of sustainable urban design, how to correctly position the target of urban transit development and how to solve the problems and adverse effects caused by urban transit and its development, are important in theoretical and practical significance which can realize the sustainable development of city.
Qureshi Intikhab Ahmed, Huapu Lu and Shi Ye, Urban transportation and equity: A case study of Beijing and Karachi. Transportation Reserch Part A 42(2008) P.125-139
Birk, M. and Zegras, C., 1993. Moving Toward Integrated Transport Planning: Energy, Environment, and Mobility in Four Asian Cities. International Institute for Energy Conservation.
Transit Oriented Development, Sustainable City Living The Milton. Retrieved on 2013, 11.